Facts about Thailand

Location of Thailand: in Southeast Asia
Capital: Bangkok (largest city)
Official language(s): Thai
Official scripts: Thai alphabet
Nationality: Thai
Religions: Buddhist 94.6%, Muslim 4.6%, Christian 0.7%, other 0.1% (2000 census)
Government: Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy
Monarch:Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX)
Prime Minister: Abhisit Vejjajiva
Legislature: National Assembly
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write. Total population: 92.6%, Mal94.9%Female: 90.5% (2000 census)
Upper House: Senate
Lower House: House of RepresentativesFormation: Sukhothai Kingdom 1238 - 1448 , Ayutthaya Kingdom 1351 - 1767 , Thonburi Kingdom 1768 - 1782
Rattanakosin Kingdom 6 April 1782 , Constitutional Monarchy24 June 1932 , Later Constitution24 August 2007
Area: Total 513,120 km2 (50th) 198,115 sq mi, Water (%) 0.4 (2,230 km2)
Population: 2010 estimate: 63,525,062 (21st), 2000 census: 60,606,947[2]
Density: 132.1/km2 (88th) 342/sq mi
Currency: Baht (฿) (THB)
Time zone :( UTC+7)
Calling code: +66
Internet TLD: .th
Drives on: the left
GDP (PPP):2009 estimate, Total $539.871 billion [3] , Per capita $8,060[3]
GDP (nominal): 2009 estimate, total $263.889 billion, per capita: $3,939
Gini (2002): 42 
HDI (2007): 0.783 [4] (medium) (87th)

Formation
* Sukhothai Kingdom        1238 - 1448
* Ayutthaya Kingdom       1351 - 1767
* Thonburi Kingdom         1768 - 1782
* Rattanakosin Kingdom 6 April 1782
* Constitutional Monarchy   24 June 1932
* Later Constitution    24 August 2007